With the exception of local permits, sole proprietors have no obstacles to begin their business when they please. This separates them from limited liability companies and corporations, which both have their own respective paperwork and separate taxes to file. There are very apparent advantages to such an arrangement, as the start-up cost and time are significantly lessened, and day to day management of the business is less complex.

Depending on your preference, the tax setup for sole proprietorships is also a benefit. Instead of the complicated tax structure of the LLC, and the even more complicated tax structure of corporations, the businesses of sole proprietors are taxed according to pass-through rules. This means that the business’s taxes are filed alongside the personal taxes of the proprietor.

How Sole Proprietor Taxes Work

The profits of a sole proprietor business are taxed in the same way personal income is taxed. The only difference, is that rather than marking the profits as wage income, it is reported as a profit from a business on Schedule C. Likewise, losses are listed in the same schedule. The expenses you use to pay for advertising, equipment, running the business, and business travel are all tax deductible. However, money you have saved at the year’s end meant for future investment is still taxable. This is one of the main reasons people choose the more complicated tax structure of corporations.

Becoming a corporation allows a person to create a separate legal entity for their business, allowing them to avoid these types of taxes. This also allows the business ownership to be easily transferred when the owner wants to retire or unfortunately passes away. While money can be saved this way, many people prefer to avoid the headaches involved with the more complicated tax structure and the need to keep meticulous records. Another important point about sole proprietor taxes is that you will need to pay self-employment taxes.

If you are a sole proprietor and you are considering incorporating your business to save on taxes, a tax lawyer may be able to help you make informed decisions about your move to a more complex structure.


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Drivers everywhere depend on the overall safety of the roads that they use each and every day, so when these roads become defective and dangerous, threatening the safety of any driver who uses the road, the problem should be addressed by the responsible government agency. Because road defects occur as a result of normal day-to-day use and wear and tear, road defects are not uncommon. This is especially true of busy roadways, such as highways and other areas of large amounts of traffic. However, when a roadway becomes defective, it’s up to the local municipality in charge of that roadway’s maintenance to promptly and properly address the problem, making the roadway safe once again.

If a municipal agency fails to fix a roadway defect, drivers might be in danger of serious injury in the event of a car accident. Such an accident can have more than physical consequences; it can also cause financial burdens for victims, such as medical treatment expenses, costs of physical therapy, and vehicle repair or replacement costs. However, sometimes victims of roadway defect-related car accidents can take legal action to obtain compensation that will cover their costs.

5 Defects that Could Endanger You

There are a large number of different types of road defects that can drastically affect a drivers safety on the road. However, some of the most common ones a driver may encounter include:

  • Potholes / Uneven Pavement
  • Lack of Guardrails
  • Shoulder Drop-Off
  • Debris in Roadway
  • Overgrown Brush

These defects may not seem dangerous initially, but they actually have the potential to cause significant damage to a person’s vehicle and may result in the driver’s total inability to maintain control over his or her vehicle, resulting in an accident. And victims of roadway defects might also be due financial compensation from an irresponsible municipality that failed to fix the defect.

If you or someone you love has suffered injury or expense because of a roadway defect, you could be eligible for financial compensation. It’s usually a good idea to contact a qualified car accident attorney to see what your legal position is.


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Car accidents are regrettably frequent occurrences that are often the result of driver error. However, there are other circumstances, such as road defects, that are completely outside of drivers control which could lead to collisions. These may be broadly categorized as a malfunction or disrepair of any normal aspect of road safety and conditions. Roads that are not properly maintained will deteriorate and became unsafe for public use over time, creating the risk that any given driver may lose control of their vehicle or suffer some other accident.

Construction companies and local municipalities are responsible for road safety and maintenance and, as such, may have some liability in the event that a driver is injured as a result of a road defect. Accidents involving motor vehicles always have the potential to cause extensive property damage and severe injuries, which could affect an innocent driver for the rest of their life.

Types of Road Defects

Unfortunately, a car that becomes out of control is capable of doing considerable damage to any object or person that it impacts. Thus, safety hazards, such as road defects, are extremely important to avoid as they can cause a driver to lose control of their vehicle, putting the driver and those around him or her in serious danger. Following are a few such defects that represent a risk to driver safety:

  • Broken, uneven, or worn pavement
  • Debris in the road
  • Potholes
  • Missing signs
  • Damaged or absent guardrails

Construction companies or local municipalities may be liable for injuries caused by road defect accidents; thus, if youve been injured in this type of accident, you might want to consider taking legal action.

Legal Options

A personal injury attorney can advise you or anyone you know who was injured in a road defect accident about available legal options for pursuing the financial compensation. Speak with a local attorney today about the specifics of your situation.


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Many people assume that medical mistakes in nursing homes are rare and that trained doctors and nurses are wholly dedicated to protecting the lives of the seniors in their care. Unfortunately, however, this is not always true. Reckless and negligent medical professionals can make significant errors, potentially leaving patients with life-altering damages. In addition to the possibility of short-term and permanent disabilities from medical malpractice, recent statistics report that an estimated 98,000 lives are lost every year from medical errors.

If you or someone you know has been injured because of a medical professionals irresponsible actions, you can take legal action to recover financial compensation to help pay for additional medical bills and other damages.

Basic Facts about Medical Malpractice Cases

Medical malpractice cases can be complicated, which is why it is advisable to entrust these lawsuits to knowledgeable attorneys. There are, however, a few key facts you should understand before you take legal action, including the following:

  • You do not have an infinite amount of time to file your medical malpractice case.
  • According to the statute of limitations in the state of Pennsylvania, an injured victim has two years from the date of the injury to take legal action against the negligent medical professional at fault.

Medical malpractice cases can be very difficult, and the success rate in court is relatively low.  It can be difficult to determine fault without a lawyer, as the blame may fall on a doctor, nurse, or even the hospital where you received your care.

An attorney can explain these and other basic facts about medical malpractice lawsuits to you if you are interested in pursuing your case. To get a more professional opinion, contact Goings Law Firm, LLC and read through their explanation.


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